Please read Luke 10:21-24 - Jesus exuberant with joy!
Seek the help of the Holy Spirit in understanding God's Word.
V21. Jesus is ecstatic about how God works.
Having just told the seventy-two that they should rejoice not in their being able to cast out demons, but rather in the fact that their names are written in heaven, Jesus now expresses his joy in the work of the Holy Spirit. There is nothing calm nor collected about it. The word 'rejoiced' doesn't capture the sense of the word in Greek. This is an exclamation marked by exuberance. Jesus is thrilled with joy. The source of this exultant joy – God the Holy Spirit. The focus of this exultant joy – God the Father. The nature of this exultant joy – thanksgiving to God the Father. The cause of this exultant joy – the work of God the Father in both hiding and revealing the Truth.
Jesus speaks/prays to his Father in the hearing of the disciples and others (he speaks privately with his disciples, v23, so he must be speaking at this point with others as well). He addresses the Father as the "Lord of heaven and earth", the Creator and Ruler of the universe. In doing so, Jesus not only proclaims who the Father is but also contrasts the Father's majesty with the wisdom and understanding of men, who, despite all their ability, cannot see what must be seen, because the Father has hidden it from those who trust in their intellect. It is a reality that is magnified when the same Truth is seen and understood by children because the Father graciously chooses to reveal it to them. The verbs used are aorists, which means that "this is something that is settled from the very start, a fixed and unalterable thing that God determined when he designed his grace for our fallen race." (R.C.H. Lenski). God decreed before the foundation of the world that the good news of the gospel, although wholly reasonable, would not be discernable by human intellect. He decreed, purposed according to his will, for his good pleasure and glory, that Jesus can only be believed in through a gracious working of the Holy Spirit. Ephesians 1:5,9; Philippians 2:13; 2 Thessalonians 1:11; 2 Peter 1:17. It doesn't mean that bright people cannot be saved, but it does mean that they cannot be saved by the exercise of just their will, based on their own understanding.
What would you and I know without the gracious will of God the Father? Nothing. What hope would you and I have if it were not for the gracious will of the Father? None. Isn't it fantastic that, regardless of ability, age, social standing, race, colour, or ethnicity, any human being can experience new life in Christ? It is a thing to be rejoiced in with all our being, that salvation is a free gift of God so that no one can boast. We are the fruit of God's workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works which he has prepared for us, Ephesians 2:8-10.
Jesus was thrilled by this. The fact that men could and would know the Truth of the gospel through God's grace sent him into a state of ecstatic joy. Isn't it wonderful that God has shared with us that it was this that caused Jesus, in the Holy Spirit, to be so joyous? It says so much about his delight in God's eternal decrees and their implications for men. Here is something we could profit much from dwelling on, and then seek to emulate. The purpose of God is the salvation of men. And as you do so, look back to verse 20 and the call to "rejoice that your names are written in heaven". What daily adoration, praise, and obedience to God this knowledge should elicit from us.
V22. The Son's knowledge of the Father and vice versa.
Jesus goes on and speaks of his relationship with the Father. It is a relationship in which "all things" have been given to him by the Father. But what are the "all things"? Lenski, quoting another commentator, writes, "All things: earth, heaven, and hell; men, angels, and devils; time, death, and eternity; all things: salvation and damnation; grace and judgement; life and death; all things: truth, righteousness, glory, peace and joy, consolation and refreshing, rest and hope, deliverance from sin, victory in temptation, overcoming the world, communion with God, the life in God – all things have been delivered to him. He is the almighty Lord, the Giver of divine gifts of grace, the Executor of all divine works, the Prince of life and, therefore, the Captain of our salvation." These and more are included in the "all things". The question is, when did the Father give these “all things” to the Son? The answer – at his incarnation, on his becoming the God-man. Yes, Jesus would be anointed the Mediator King over all at his exaltation, but that was a coronation, the manifestation in heaven of what he had been given. These "all things" were already his, e.g., Matthew 28:18.
Jesus then addresses the peculiarity of the relationship between the Father and the Son. It's interesting to note that this and the parallel passages in Matthew 11:27, and in Mark 13:32 are the only places in the Synoptic gospels where Jesus calls himself 'the Son'. It is, of course, a common phrase in John's gospel. The basis of this peculiarity is that the Father and the Son alone 'know' each other. No one else is party to their respective knowledge of each other, in terms of their mind and will as it relates to man's salvation.
V22. The Son's revelation of the Father.
It is because of this relationship based on shared knowledge, that man, through the revelation of Jesus, can know God the Father. If Jesus were not to reveal the Father, mankind could never know him. The idea that people can know God apart from knowing Jesus is not true. It is impossible. Those who do not know, love, and have faith in the Lord Jesus Christ cannot know God, other than the fact that he exists, and that is revealed in Creation, Romans 1:20. People can talk all they want about 'believing' in God, they can even 'worship', but if they do not know Christ, whatever their belief is, it is not in the one true God, and whatever they are doing in their worship, they are not worshipping the God of Creation and Salvation. As Jesus would say on the night he was betrayed, "for apart from me, you can do nothing", John 15:5. It is the Lord Jesus, and the Lord Jesus alone, who, through his person, work, and Word, reveals the Father to men. No one can come to the Father except through Jesus, John 14:6-11.
You and I need to be clear about this because there are people we know who think that because they know that God exists, they have a relationship with God – they don't. We must graciously seek to help them understand that. It is only in and through Jesus that they can know and have a relationship with God the Father.
V23. You are blessed because you see and hear and therefore know, by God's grace.
Jesus now speaks to the disciples privately, and what he has to say is wonderful. He tells them that they are blessed because they can see and hear the Truth that has been hidden from many, including prophets and kings. Given what has preceded, they will understand that this is the case solely because of God's work in their lives.
This surely speaks to the measure of blessing that you and I have received, given that we know more than those listening to Jesus. These men and women knew what Jesus told them up to this point, but we have the full revelation of God's Word, complete and final for all time. A revelation, through which the Holy Spirit has worked, to open our eyes and ears so that we can now hear the voice of the Lord Jesus as he reveals the Father to us. If Jesus regarded his hearers as "Blessed", how must he regard us?